Can I Carry a Handgun in My Car While Traveling?
Thinking about taking your handgun with you when hitting the road across state lines? Depending on where you’re going, you may be able to take your handgun with you without breaking the law. The most important thing you can do when traveling with a firearm is to closely follow all current laws and to consult a lawyer if you aren’t clear on something. Always select the right handgun or pistol case to stay safe and compliant on the road.
Interstate Travel with a Firearm
The most important thing you need to know is that vehicle handgun laws vary greatly from one state to the next. Your concealed carry permit (CCW) was issued by the state, not the country, which means it may not be recognized in another state. It is your obligation to follow all laws set forth by any state that you enter or travel through, no matter how briefly you may be visiting.
Understanding state-by-state CCW reciprocity is an important first step in determining how you can travel with your firearm. If you’re going from one state to another that recognizes your permit — say, from Alabama to South Carolina — you can bring your handgun with no problem. However, if you’re passing through a state where your permit is not honored, you will be breaking the law if you’re doing anything other than simply passing through.
Regardless of if you possess a permit, you should know the state-by-state gun laws before traveling with your gun. According to the Firearm Owners Protection Act of 1986, which is an amendment to the Gun Control Act of 1986, travelers may pass through restricted states with their guns, but only if they are unloaded, in a locked case and kept in an inaccessible location, with the ammunition stored separately. The law states:
Any person who is not otherwise prohibited by this chapter from transporting, shipping, or receiving a firearm shall be entitled to transport a firearm for any lawful purpose from any place where he may lawfully possess and carry such firearm to any other place where he may lawfully possess and carry such firearm if, during such transportation the firearm is unloaded, and neither the firearm nor any ammunition being transported is readily accessible or is directly accessible from the passenger compartment of such transporting vehicle.
The law specifies that certain people are entitled “to transport a firearm” through these states, but that transport must be considered continuous and uninterrupted, meaning that you can only pass through states that do not honor your CCW. Doing anything beyond passing through will cause you to lose federal protection.
How to Carry a Handgun in the Car
How and where you store your firearm in your car matters a whole lot. It cannot be readily accessible to any passenger or driver, nor can it be accessed from the “passenger compartment” of the vehicle. For example, it can be stored in the trunk or in a case in the bed of a truck, but never in the glove box or center console.
The U.S. Code states that if your vehicle does not have a separate compartment, the firearm or ammo must be contained in a locked gun case other than the glove compartment or console. Make sure your gun is always stored in a hard-sided, locked case that’s completely separate from your ammo. By law, the ammo case doesn’t need to be locked, but it’s not a bad idea to throw a padlock on there just in case.
At a glance, here’s what you need to know about carrying a gun in your vehicle:
- It must be unloaded and stored in a separate case from your ammo.
- It must be secured in a hard-sided, locked gun case.
- It must be stored somewhere that’s inaccessible from the driver or passenger compartment, such as the trunk.
Remember, if you aren’t sure about the laws where you’re headed, it’s a good idea to consult with an attorney before leaving for your trip. We are by no means legal experts and cannot provide legal advice on these matters. Breaking concealed carry laws is a big deal and could result in serious penalties, including jail time, so it’s not something to take lightly!